Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated to mark the occasion of birthday of Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi or popularly known as Mahatma or Bapu. It is one of the three officially declared National Holidays of India and is observed on October 2nd. The day also has important international relevance as it is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence in Mahatma Gandhi’s honor.
In the context of Indian independence, the role of Mahatma Gandhi had been immense. He had played a pivotal role in fighting against the British rule with his own weapon of Ahimsa or Non-violence. Assuming the leadership of Indian National Congress in 1921, Mahatma Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women’s rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability and above all Swaraj-the independence of India from British domination.
On this day of Gandhi Jayanti, the President and Prime Minister, along with other eminent political leaders, pay homage at Raj Ghat, the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi where he was cremated. Gandhi’s favorite song, ‘Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram’, is invariably sung at all the meetings associated with him in various institutions. Gandhi Jayanti is observed all over the country, both in government and non-government forums. The day spreads the message of peace and truthfulness.